Saturday, June 26, 2010

Audiography on Theravada Dhamma Discourses [2]

ကစၥပ ဇာတ္ / U Sumangala (Deou Sayadaw). Mandalay, Dec 20, 2005.
To be a clever and intellectual person who can protect oneself, with an example story of a tortoise (Kaccapa) that was ruined for lacking these qualities. <Dhammadownload 026>

ခႏၶာငါးပါးသူသတ္ေယာက်ာၤး / U Sumangala (Deou Sayadaw). Migadavun, Sep 17, 2004.
According to Paticcasamupada, it denotes the king of death (mara or marana)- the five aggregates of oneself: Matter (rupa), Sensation (vedana), Perception (sanna), Formations (sankhara), and Consciousness (nama). <Dhammadownload 001>

ငါသည္မုခ်ေသရမည္ တရားေတာ္ / U Vimala (Mogok Sayadaw). [no date]
One must practise Vipassana Meditation urgently in order to avoid death and attain Nibbana in future. <Dhammadownload သံေ၀ဂ (): 2>

ဥာဏ္သုံးဥာဏ္နွင့္နိဗၺာန္ေရာက္ပုံ / U Vimala (Mogok Sayadaw). Feb 13, 1955.
Three types of nana: objective condition (yatha-bhuta nana), weariness (nibbida-nana) and magga-nana; how to attain them and achieve Nibbana. <Dhammadownload Mp3 Disc 1: 10>

ပီတိ သေမၺာဇၥ်င္ / Dr Ashin Pannissara (Dhamma Duta). Bago, Feb 14, 2006.
Joy Factor of Enlightenment (Piti Sambojjhanga): what it means, its characteristics and work; facts to obtain piti. <Dhammadownload 054>

ပ႑ိတ သာမေဏ / Dr U Nyanissara (Sitagu Sayadaw). Yangon, Feb 9, 1978.
How to discipline one's mind by Sila, Samadhi and Panna; categories of Dana and their benefits; well-balanced facts for two persons to be together in all existences: Sama caga, Sama saddha, Sama panna, Sama sila; the proper pray for charity, example story_Samanera Pandhita (Mahadukka in past existence). <Dhammadownload Mp3 Disc 02: 06>

ဘယ္တရားလြန္မွ ေကာင္းသနည္း / Ashin Pannajota (Taunsunn, Dhamma Duta).Yangon, 1359 (B.E.)
Two kinds of bhavana, Samatha and Vipassana; dhamma which is good to be superior in each bhavana; how the Buddha preach; balance in saddha and panna, viriya and samadhi; some acts of unqualified yoga. <Dhammadownload Mp3 Disc 02: 02>

၀ီရိယ သေမၺာဇၥ်င္ / Dr Ashin Pannissara (Dhamma Duta). Bago, Feb 13, 2006.
Energy Factor of Enlightenment (Viriya Sambojjhanga): four kinds of person concerning viriya in Dhamma and loka; characteristics, work and nature of viriya; facts to obtain viriya. <Dhammadownload 053>

သဒၶါနွင္႔မစၦရိယတိုက္ပဲြ / Dr U Nyanissara (Sitagu Sayadaw). Yangon, Dec 24, 1978.
Faith (Saddha): its root cause, characteristics, work, distinct nature, and benefit; comparative example of faith and plant seed; enemy of Faith_Envy (Micchariya) and to discard it completely. <Dhammadownload Mp3 Disc 04: 02>

အရႈမွားက တရားမရ / Ashin Pannajota (Taunsunn, Dhamma Duta).Yangon, 1356 (B.E.)
Definition of Sankhara, Annicca and Lakkhana; correct meditation practice. <Dhammadownload Mp3 Disc 02: 01>

Posted by Nyan U and Aye Sat

Saturday, June 19, 2010

Twelve Factors of Rebirth

Twelve factors of rebirth depend upon each other. They are both cause and effect, making beings to revolve in the cycle of birth i.e. Samsara. These twelve factors are as follows:

1. Ignorance (Avijja)

2. Willful doings (Sankhara)

3. Consciousness (Vinnana)

4. Mind and Matter (Nama-Rupa)

5. Sixfold sense bases (Salayatana)

6. Contact (Phassa)

7. Feeling (Vedana)

8. Craving (Tahna)

9. Attachment (Upadana)
10. Becoming (Bhava)

11. Birth (Jati)

12. Aging, Death (Jara, Maranam) ___together with sorrow (soka), lamentation (parideva), pain (dukha), grief and despair (domanassupayasa).

Unless practising Vipasana meditation, there will be no way to terminates the link of these factors of rebirth.
Posted by Aye Sat

Saturday, June 12, 2010

Dependent Origination (Paticcasamuppada)

Paticcasamuppada is a combined word of Pali. In it's combination Patticca means because of,sam means well, and uppada means arising of effect through cause. So conditioned by cause there arises effect, hence it is known as the Law of Dependent Origination or Cycle of Rebirths.

Whether a Buddha appears or not, the Paticcasamuppada exists. This is a nature of conditional fact, a Law of Dependent Origination, that is the principle of conditionality. Emphasizing its importance, the Buddha said in Pali:
Yo paticcasamuppadam passati, so Dhammam passati.
Yo Dhammam passati, so paticcasamuppadam passati.

It means:
One who sees paticcasamuppada sees the Dhamma.
One who sees the Dhamma sees paticcasamuppada.

On one occasion Venerable Ananda respectfully said to the Lord Buddha,

"How amazing! Never before has it occurred to me, Lord. This Law of Dependent Origination, although so profound and hard to see, but appears to me to be very simple!"

As a result of his words, the Buddha warns Ananda of his understanding the profundity of the Law of Dependent Origination,

"Ananda, say not so. This Law of Dependent Origination is a profound teaching, hard to see. It is through not knowing, not understanding and not thoroughly realizing this principle that beings are confused like a tangled thread, nest of a weaver bird, and cannot escape from hell, and the cycle of rebirths, samsara."

The Law of Dependent Origination can be classified into two dhammic principles. The first, showing the process of origination is known as the samudayavara. The latter, showing the process of cessation is known as the nirodhavara. The two processes are in sequence of the Four Noble Truths. The first principle relates to the second Noble Truths, the cause of suffering (dukkha samudaya). The second principle is a reverse mode and relates to the third Noble Truth, the cessation of suffering (dukkha nirodha).

Samsara is the process of repeated existences. Everybody has not been going against the Samsara since infinite period. It is lasting through the interconnected process of cause and effect which is called Paticcasamuppada. The process goes into reverse that this principle is the only way of cessation of the five aggregates (panca khandha).

From time immemorial, living beings has been born and reborn repeatedly. During their existences they violated various kinds of miseries and died again and again. They were always cycling on the outer rim of circular frame throughout life after life. All beings cannot put an end of suffering due to the ignorance (avijja) and craving (tanha). This is samsara, the stream of suffering (dukkha) as shown by the Dhamma.

Every living beings have to emerge from this cycle of becoming (bhava-cakka of dukkha). Therefore, the Buddha said that when any one of the links of the chain in anuloma-paticcasamuppada is cut off, the cycle of becoming comes to an end, i.e. the cessation of suffering. This is called patiloma-paticcasamuppada.

To be free from the excessive craving (tanha) one should realize the suffering in oneself. Most people are not in the life of detachment from pleasure, wandering thoughts, etc. With the absolute eradication of the defilements (kilesa), the reality will be glimpsed fleetingly. This is a cessation of suffering (nirhoda), i.e. Nibbana. This is the doctrine of dependent origination, discovered by all the Buddhas (Enlightened Ones). Why can't detachment be developed and excessive craving be eradicated? Let's try our best!

Posted by Nyan U

Saturday, June 5, 2010

Audiography on Theravada Dhamma Discourses [1]

ကာယမီမံ အလုပ္ေပးတရားေတာ္ / U Vimala (Mogok Sayadaw). [no date]
Instruction of vipassana practice in which observing the phenomenon of arising and passing away in the body (khanda). Realization of the truth as it is (Yatha bhuta nana) and Knowledge of Disgust (Nibbida nana). Cessation of suffering (Nirodha), i.e. Nibbana. <Dhammadownload အလုပ္ေပး (၁): 1>
ကိေလသာပယ္ႏိုင္မွ ခ်မ္းသာရ တရားေတာ္ / Ashin Janakabhivamsa (Chanmyay Sayadaw). [no date]
Three meritorious deeds (Dana, Sila, Bhavana); three lustful desires (Kilesa) - Anusaya, Pariyutthana, Vitikkama kilesa; removal of lustful desires by meritorious deeds and its benefit. <Dhammadownload Mp3 Disc 01:01>
ဓမၼ၀ိစယ သေမၺာဇၥ်င္ / Dr Ashin Pannissara (Dhamma Duta). Bago, Feb 2, 2006.
Investigation of states (Dhammavicaya Sambojjhanga): nature and work of panna; definition of vipassana; facts to obtain panna; balancing saddha, panna, samadhi, viriya and sati_ Example story “Ashin Sona, Ashin Ananda”. <Dhammadownload 052>
 ပဗၺဇၨမဂၤလာသာသနာျပဳ ကုသိုလ္ တရားေတာ္ / Ashin Janakabhivamsa (Chanmyay Sayadaw). Yangon, Nov17, 1996.
Definition of three meritorious deeds (Dana, Sila, Bhavana); five bhavana nussati gained in novitiation ceremony (pabbajja mangala); objectives of charity (dana) and its benefits: example story_Shin Tissa. <Dhammadownload Mp3 Disc 01:02>
မဟာသဠပုတၱသုတ္ / U Sumangala (Deou Sayadaw). Mandalay, Dec 16, 2005.
Samsara, Aggregates and their relationships; gratitudes of the Buddha, the Dhamma and the Sangha, giving “Mahasalaputta Sutta” as an example. <Dhammadownload 022>
မဂၢင္ရွစ္ေဖာ္ ယာဥ္ပ်ံေတာ္ / Ashin Pannajota (Taunsunn, Dhamma Duta). Sagaing, 1356 (B.E.)
About eightfold path (atthangika-magga): the three basic divisions (Two Panna Magga i.e. right view and right intention; Three Sila Magga i.e. right speech, right action and right livelihood; Three Samadhi Magga i.e. right effort, right mindfulness and right concentration. It shows what they mean, how they work and to practise; why Arahats still meditate. <Dhammadownload Mp3 Disc 06:04>
၀ိပႆနာမခက္ ဒါနခက္ / Ashin Pannajota (Taunsunn, Dhamma Duta).Yangon, 1356 (B.E.)
Hesitation to make charity (dana); to donate with full volition: pubba cetana (before act), munca cetana (during act) and apara cetana (after act); the affects of partial volition; comparison of vipassana practice and charity. <Dhammadownload Mp3 Disc 01:04>
သတိသေမၺာဇၥ်င္ / Dr Ashin Pannissara (Dhamma Duta). Bago, Feb 1, 2006.
Defintion of Bojjhanga; Mindfulness (Sati Sambojjhanga): its characteristics and nature, necessary facts to obtain it, its companion - Panna; vipassana practice. <Dhammadownload 051>
သီလ သမာဓိ ပညာ အေရးႀကီးပုံ မဟာမိတၲရဟန္း / U Vimala (Mogok Sayadaw). Amarapura, October 13, 1956.
Importance of sila, samadhi and panna with example story_“Bhikkhu Maha Mitta” <Dhammadownload Mp3 Disc 3: 1>
အႏုရာဓဥပမာျပ ဒိဌိျဖဳတ္ / U Sumangala (Deou Sayadaw). Migadavun, Sep 18, 2004.
Two definitions of ditthi; two kinds of ditthi; Dhamma Attributions, “Bhikkhu Anuradha's story”_the manifestation of right view on the five aggregates in the Anuradha Sutta. <Dhammadownload 002>

Posted by Nyan U and Aye Sat