In Theravada Buddhism, the Patimokkha is the basic code of monastic discipline. The word Pali “Patimokkha” means keeping away from the suffering of Apaya. The Patimokkha consists of two parts: “Ovada Patimokkha” and “Powered Patimokkha”. Both parts can forbid the access to apaya. Ovada Patimokkha can also be called a summary of Tipitaka. Powered Patimokkha is the Vinaya Pitaka.
The Buddhas with long life span gave this desana of “Ovada Patimokkha” to the Sanghas till death. With short life span the Buddhas admonished only Ovada Patimokkha within first 20 vassas, i.e. also known as the first Bhodhi. In the second Bhodhi, the Buddha gave the order by “Powered Patimokkha”. The examples of teaching of the preceding Buddhas are as follow:
Buddha Vipassi gave this “Ovada Patimokkha” desana once for seven years.
Buddha Sikhi showed this “Ovada Patimokkha” desana once for six years.
Buddha Vessabhu taught this “Ovada Patimokkha” desana once for six years.
Buddha Kakusandha preached this “Ovada Patimokkha” desana once a year.
Buddha Konagamana admonished this “Ovada Patimokkha” desana once a year.
Buddha Kassapa expressed this “Ovada Patimokkha” desana once for six months.
Buddha Gotama who had a short life span expounded this “Ovada Patimokkha” desana once for fifteen days, i.e. the full-moon day and the new moon day during first 20 vassas (the first Bhodhi). In the period of the second Bhodhi, his disciples were learned by the only “Powered Patimokkha” desana once for half a month.
Posted by Nyan U